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Nextcolud个人网盘搭建
Nextcolud个人网盘搭建部署机器的系统是Centos7.4版本[root@nextcloud-server ...
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2019/03

Nextcolud个人网盘搭建

Nextcolud个人网盘搭建

部署机器的系统是Centos7.4版本

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)

make:cc 命令未找到的解决方法

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install gcc 
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install gcc-c++ 

一、安装并配置Nginx和php-fpm

将自带的epel、nginx、php全部卸载(rpm -e ... --nodeps)

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# rpm -qa|grep php
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# rpm -qa|grep php-common
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# rpm -qa|grep nginx

CentOS默认的yum源中并不包含Nginx和php-fpm,首先要为CentOS添加epel源:

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install epel-release
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install nginx

需要再添加一个yum源来安装php-fpm,可以使用webtatic(这个yum源对国内网络来说恐怕有些慢,当然你也可以选择其它的yum源)

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

安装php7-fpm和一些其它的必要的组件

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install php70w-fpm php70w-cli php70w-gd php70w-mcrypt php70w-mysql php70w-pear php70w-xml php70w-mbstring php70w-pdo php70w-json php70w-pecl-apcu php70w-pecl-apcu-devel

完成后,检查一下php-fpm是否已正常安装

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# php -v
PHP 7.0.25 (cli) (built: Oct 29 2017 13:43:03) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies

配置php-fpm

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
.....
user = nginx                                   //将用户和组都改为nginx
group = nginx
.....
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000                        //php-fpm所监听的端口为9000
......
env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME                     //去掉下面几行注释
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp

在/var/lib目录下为session路径创建一个新的文件夹,并将用户名和组设为nginx

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# chown nginx:nginx -R /var/lib/php/session/
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# ll -d /var/lib/php/session/
drwxr-xr-x. 2 nginx nginx 4096 1月  25 09:47 /var/lib/php/session/

启动Nginx和php-fpm服务,并添加开机启动

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl start php-fpm
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl start nginx
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl enable php-fpm
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl enable nginx

二、安装并配置MariaDB
使用MaraiDB作为Nextcloud数据库。yum安装MaraiDB服务

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install mariadb mariadb-server

启动MariaDB服务并添加开机启动

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl start mariadb
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl enable mariadb

接下来设置MariaDB的root密码

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# mysql_secure_installation        //按照提示设置密码,首先会询问当前密码,密码默认为空,直接回车即可
Enter current password for root (enter for none):          //直接回车
Set root password? [Y/n] Y
New password:                                              //输入新密码
Re-enter new password:                                     //再次输入新密码
     
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

  1. 或者采用另一种修改密码的方式:跳过授权表
  2. /etc/my.cnf文件里添加"skip-grant-tables"
  3. 重启mariadb服务
  4. 无密码登陆mariadb,然后重置mysql密码 MariaDB [(none)]> update mysql.user set
    password=password("kevin@123") where user="root";
  5. 去掉/etc/my.cnf文件里的"skip-grant-tables"内容
  6. 重启mariadb服务 这样就可以使用上面重置的新密码kevin@123登陆mariadb了

设置完MariaDB的密码后,使用命令行登录MariaDB,并为Nextcloud创建相应的用户和数据库。
例如数据库为nextcloud_db,用户为nextclouduser,密码为nextcloudpasswd:

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# mysql -p
......
MariaDB [(none)]> create database nextcloud;          
MariaDB [(none)]> create user nextclouduser@localhost identified by 'nextcloud';
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on nextcloud_db.* to nextclouduser@localhost identified by 'nextcloud';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;

三、为Nextcloud生成自签名SSL证书
为SSL证书创建一个新的文件夹:

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# cd /etc/nginx/cert/
[root@nextcloud-server cert]# openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -nodes -out /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.crt -keyout /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.key
.....
Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:cn                                           //国家
State or Province Name (full name) []:beijing                                  //省份
Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:beijing                                //地区名字
Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:kevin                    //公司名
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Technology                           //部门
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:kevin                 //CA主机名
Email Address []:kevin@wangshibo.cn                                               

然后将证书文件的权限设置为660

[root@nextcloud-server cert]# chmod 700 /etc/nginx/cert
[root@nextcloud-server cert]# chmod 600 /etc/nginx/cert/*

四、下载并安装Nextcloud

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install wget unzip
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
[root@nextcloud-server src]# wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-13.0.5.zip
[root@nextcloud-server src]# unzip nextcloud-13.0.5.zip
[root@nextcloud-server src]# ls
nextcloud nextcloud-12.0.4.zip
[root@nextcloud-server src]# mv nextcloud /usr/share/nginx/html/

进入Nginx的root目录,并为Nextcloud创建data目录,将Nextcloud的用户和组修改为nginx

[root@nextcloud-server src]# cd /usr/share/nginx/html/
[root@nextcloud-server html]# mkdir -p nextcloud/data/
[root@nextcloud-server html]# chown nginx:nginx -R nextcloud/
[root@nextcloud-server html]# ll -d nextcloud
drwxr-xr-x. 15 nginx nginx 4096 1月  24 17:04 nextcloud

五、设置Nginx虚拟主机

设置Nginx虚拟主机
进入Nginx的虚拟主机配置文件所在目录并创建一个新的虚拟主机配置(记得修改两个server_name为自己的域名):
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# cd /etc/nginx/conf.d/
[root@nextcloud-server conf.d]# vim nextcloud.conf
upstream php-handler {
    server 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #server unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
}
     
server {
    listen 80;
    server_name 192.168.0.10;
    # enforce https
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}
     
server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    server_name 192.168.0.10;
     
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.key;
     
    # Add headers to serve security related headers
    # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into this
    # topic first.
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
    includeSubDomains; preload;";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
     
    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/;
     
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }
     
    # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json
    # last;
     
    location = /.well-known/carddav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
     
    # set max upload size
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
     
    # Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
    gzip off;
     
    # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
    # This module is currently not supported.
    #pagespeed off;
     
    error_page 403 /core/templates/403.php;
    error_page 404 /core/templates/404.php;
     
    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }
     
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }
     
    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:$|/) {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        #Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }
     
    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }
     
    # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~* \.(?:css|js)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=7200";
        # Add headers to serve security related headers (It is intended to
        # have those duplicated to the ones above)
        # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into
        # this topic first.
        add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;includeSubDomains; preload;";
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
        add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }
     
    location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}
    


接下来测试以下配置文件是否有错误,确保没有问题后重启Nginx服务。

[root@nextcloud-server conf.d]# nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
[root@nextcloud-server conf.d]# systemctl restart nginx

六、为Nextcloud设置Firewalld防火墙和SELinux
可以选择关闭Firewalld和SELinux

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# setenforce 0
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# getenforce disabled
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/selinux
......
SELINUX=disabled

如果打开了防火墙,则需要设置Firewalld和SELinux
首先需要安装SElinux管理工具policycoreutils-python

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install policycoreutils-python

接着设置SELinux

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/data(/.*)?'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/config(/.*)?'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/apps(/.*)?'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/assets(/.*)?'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/.htaccess'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/.user.ini'
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# restorecon -Rv '/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/'
    
接下来设置Firewlld防火墙,为Nextcloud开放http和https两个端口
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl start firewalld
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl enable firewalld
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

七、安装Nextcloud
解析上面nginx中配置的域名nextcloud.kevin-inc.com,访问访问http://nextcloud.veredholdings-inc.com进行Nextcloud界面安装(访问http域名会自动跳转到https,安装提示安装即可!)


  • Nextcolud小记

查看PHP70w包

yum list | grep php70w*

安装redis和扩展

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install php70w-pecl-redis.x86_64
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum -y install redis

把Redis添加到开机启动服务中:

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl start redis
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl enable redis

检查Redis是否运行:

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# systemctl is-active redis

修改nextcloud根目录下的 config.php

/usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/config
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'redis' => array(
     'host' => 'localhost',
     'port' => 6379,
     ),
);

查看PHP70w OPcache包

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum list | grep php70w*
[root@nextcloud-server ~]# yum install php70w-opcache.x86_64

必须配置OPcache.ini和添加cron服务

执行命令,新建计划任务

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# crontab -u nginx -e

输入要执行的计划任务

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# */15 * * * * php -f /usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/cron.php

重启服务

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# service restart cron

查看状态

[root@nextcloud-server ~]# service crond statu
Last modification:April 14th, 2019 at 12:26 am
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